How many instructions to print Hello World (#100DaysToOffload Day7)
So this was supposed to go up yesterday but i passed out so here it is late.
About a week ago i saw a post talking about the (over)complexity of technology that keeps getting more and more complex in some ways seemingly to justify it's own complexity. In the process the fact that it took over 600k instructions to print the word “test” on a terminal window was pointed out. Since this was from 4 years ago i wondered how much that had changed since.
So here is the answer on my system.
First a little system info:
➤ cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep "model name" model name : AMD Ryzen 5 2600X Six-Core Processor
➤ uname -a Linux thebeach 5.6.8-artix1-1 #1 SMP PREEMPT Wed, 29 Apr 2020 18:45:03 +0000 x86_64 GNU/Linux
Now the test
➤ sudo perf stat echo "Hello World" Hello World Performance counter stats for 'echo Hello World': 0.54 msec task-clock # 0.478 CPUs utilized 0 context-switches # 0.000 K/sec 0 cpu-migrations # 0.000 K/sec 62 page-faults # 0.115 M/sec 2,157,767 cycles # 3.999 GHz 275,729 stalled-cycles-frontend # 12.78% frontend cycles idle 169,688 stalled-cycles-backend # 7.86% backend cycles idle 877,604 instructions # 0.41 insn per cycle # 0.31 stalled cycles per insn 187,115 branches # 346.745 M/sec <not counted> branch-misses (0.00%) 0.001129028 seconds time elapsed 0.000000000 seconds user 0.001178000 seconds sys
So there you have it 877,604 instructions to echo “Hello World”. I wont pretend to understand computer at that low level but that's an increase of 200k in 4 years to print a simple string. Part of this increase probably relates to mitigations for things like Spectre and Meltdown and some other “optimizations” over the years.
Well that is all for today.
Until tomorrow stay safe!